How Google Docs Works


The Future of Google Docs
Users can create spreadsheets and collaborate with others using Google Docs.
Users can create spreadsheets and collaborate with others using Google Docs.
2008 HowStuffWorks

Google's almost as silent about its future plans as it is about its hardware. But again, there are many safe assumptions you can make about where Google Docs is heading.

For one thing, you should expect to see Google add more functions and features to all three of the major applications within Google Docs. Google developers are constantly tweaking the system. By adding features, Google can close the gap between its services and the more complex desktop productivity software applications on the market. This can include everything from new presentation slide formats to new spreadsheet formulas.

Another goal is to enable a feature that lets users work on spreadsheets and presentations while offline. These files can be more complex than document files. As a result, it's more challenging to resolve discrepancies between multiple users as they make edits offline. Imagine if 50 collaborators working on a spreadsheet were to work on the same file offline at the same time. Syncing back up to the system could be a disaster! Development teams in Google are working on ways to make offline editing not only possible, but also efficient and easy to use.

Google encourages a community of independent developers to find new ways to use the company's various applications. With that in mind, we'll probably see new Google gadgets -- applets built on Google's application programming interface (API) -- incorporated into Google Docs. Some of these might be entirely new applications, while others might combine existing applications with Google Docs. The common term for applets that combine two or more other applications is a mashup.

As an example, let's say you have a spreadsheet that lists all the offices within a company. Each row represents a different office and contains information such as the office's location, sales figures and number of employees. Using a Google gadget, you plot the information in the spreadsheet onto a Google map. The gadget places a little flag on the map for each office's location. Clicking on the flag pulls up the office's information. This example is a form of geotagging -- associating information with a specific physical location.

There are already hundreds of Google gadgets available right now, and developers are constantly creating more of them. Here are just a few gadgets and ways they might one day be integrated with Google Docs:

  • Live TV -- Several gadgets let you watch live television feeds within a Web page. Combined with Google Docs, television executives could create presentations that showcase a specific channel's programming in real time.
  • Chat clients -- Developers could incorporate a chat client into Google Docs so that collaborators have an integrated communication system as they work -- the spreadsheets application already has a similar feature.
  • Google Site Translator -- An integrated application that could translate files into other languages.

That's just a small sample of the gadgets available from various developers. With Google's community of developers, it's not unreasonable to say that if you can imagine a particular feature in Google Docs, someone is working on it right now. It's just a matter of time before we see it in action.

Want to learn more about Google applications and cloud computing? Take a look at the links below.

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Sources

  • Aslett, Matthew. "Google acquires XL2Web, launches Google Spreadsheets." Business Review Online. June 6, 2006. http://www.businessreviewonline.com/os/archives/2006/06/google_acquires.html
  • Charman, Suw. "FOWA 07: Jonathan Rochelle - How We Built Google Docs & Spreadsheets." Corante. February 21, 2007. http://strange.corante.com/archives/2007/02/21/fowa_07_ jonathan_rochelle_how_we_built_google_docs_spreadsheets.php
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  • Cowley, Stacy. "Google Acquires Writely Online Word Processing Service." InformationWeek. March 9, 2006. http://www.informationweek.com/news/internet/ebusiness/showArticle.jhtml; jsessionid=02IDACZ4NTW1IQSNDLRSKHSCJUNN2JVN?articleID=1815024 79&_requestid=233068
  • Dekeyser, Stijn and Watson, Richard. "Extending Google Docs to Collaborate on Research Papers." The University of Southern Queensland, Australia.
  • Rochelle, Jonathan and Kotlyar, Leon. Personal interview conducted April 25, 2008.
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